World Colorectal Cancer Day: Be sure to get tested!

March 31st is World Colorectal Cancer Day. These anniversaries are an opportunity to talk about colorectal cancer and raise awareness about the importance of getting tested so that the problem can be detected in no time.

World Colorectal Cancer Day is celebrated on March 31 each year. These anniversaries are aimed at preventing cancer, which causes many deaths each year.

According to some data, lung cancer is the most common cancer in men, but breast cancer is the most common in women. But the second most common cancer in both men and women is colorectal cancer, claiming more than 700,000 lives each year.

If colorectal cancer is detected early, the chances of survival are greatly increased. The 5-year survival rate for all patients is about 60%, but if diagnosed early, that number rises to 90%.

Since colonoscopy is a procedure that requires an endoscope to be inserted into the large intestine, many people are reluctant to undergo the test. It is therefore important to raise awareness in commemoration of World Colorectal Cancer Day.

Colorectal cancer is a disease that does not show symptoms until it is quite advanced, so the medical community recommends getting tested starting over the age of 50 to avoid detecting tumor growth. However, most people do not even know that such a screening plan exists. This is why communication plays an essential role in colorectal cancer prevention.

Why Colon Cancer Occurs

World Colorectal Cancer Day serves to raise awareness about cancer of the colon and rectum. Colorectal cancer is also known by the terms colon cancer or rectal cancer.

The large intestine and rectum are the ends of the digestive tract after the small intestine. Here, feces are formed and carry waste products out of the body. The digested food mass is dehydrated in the large intestine and stored in the rectum for elimination.

Therefore, some risk factors for colorectal cancer are related to the digestive process. The type of food or eating habits are problems that we can fix to prevent cancer.

World Colorectal Cancer Day: Be sure to get tested!

Colorectal cancer is a multifactorial disease, and some risk factors are related to the digestive process.

risk factor

  • Age: Colorectal cancer occurs much more often in people over 50 years of age . Therefore, experts recommend getting tested starting at the age of 50.
  • Family history: If a parent or grandparent has had colorectal cancer, the risk of developing cancer in children and grandchildren is higher.
  • Diet low in fiber: A lack of fruits and vegetables in the diet slows bowel movement. When your intestines aren’t moving enough, stool stays in your digestive tract longer, exposing you to toxins and food debris.
  • Constipation: Constipation is related to the aforementioned factors. When bowel movements are slow, the risk of developing cancer increases.
  • Sausage consumption: Processed meat in the form of sausage undergoes a chemical transformation during manufacturing. Consuming these foods can expose intestinal cells to toxic chemicals and initiate an out-of-control process of cellular replication.

Symptoms warning of colorectal cancer

As mentioned earlier, colorectal cancer is a silent disease. Therefore, World Colorectal Cancer Day aims to promote screening. Sometimes there may be no symptoms until the tumor has progressed. This reduces the chances of treatment and survival.

A common sign is a bloody stool. Having blood in your stool doesn’t always mean you have a tumor, but you need to make sure it’s not a problem.

There may also be changes in bowel movements. People with constipation often start having diarrhea, or conversely, people with regular bowel movements may become constipated.

Weight loss can be an indirect sign. Cancer consumes the body’s resources, so energy loss can occur even if you maintain your usual diet.

Finally, non-specific abdominal pain should also be noted. Generally, strong discomfort is felt, but the specific location may not be pinpointed. The pain is intermittent and may vary in intensity, but is sometimes unrelated to food intake.

World Colorectal Cancer Day: Be sure to get tested!

Colorectal cancer is a condition in which a cancerous tumor develops in the large intestine, the last part of the digestive tract.

Colorectal Cancer Screening, World Colorectal Cancer Day

Age is a major risk factor for colorectal cancer, so experts use this information to order tests. Likewise, family history is a key factor in recommending testing.

Almost all countries and health authorities agree that people over the age of 50 should be screened for colorectal cancer, mainly by two tests: a blood test and a colonoscopy. If you have a direct family history or inflammatory bowel disease, you should get tested at an earlier age.

Blood stool testing is a biochemical test that looks for tiny amounts of blood in a stool sample to detect bleeding that is invisible to the human eye.

On the other hand, another test that is mainly recommended on World Cancer Day is the colonoscopy. A doctor inserts an endoscope tube equipped with a camera into the rectum and colon of a subject under anesthesia. The examiner can observe the condition of the mucous membrane, take a sample for biopsy , and directly remove a polyp if it is found during the examination .

On World Colorectal Cancer Day, it’s important to get tested!

The purpose of World Colorectal Cancer Day is to prevent cancer. People over the age of 50 should have a colonoscopy, and the frequency of the examination should be discussed with a doctor. Early detection can increase the chances of long-term survival.

Also, with a quick diagnosis, treatment can be started with few side effects before other complications appear. Again, getting tested is not difficult!

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