Intended use of the intrauterine contraceptive device

The intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is the most widely used method of reversible contraception. In this article, learn how the intrauterine contraceptive device works.

Currently, some of the many birth control options available to women are reversible, but some procedures are permanent . There are a variety of birth control devices to choose from depending on the functionality, convenience, and safety you want. Today, let’s learn how the intrauterine contraceptive device works.

The intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is a long-acting method of contraception that is reversible. It is one of the most well-known birth control methods and is commonly used in countries such as China.

Here’s everything you need to know about the IUD and answers to frequently asked questions.

What is an intrauterine contraceptive device?

The intrauterine device, which is effective for contraception in women, is a method of inserting a small device into the uterus . It is also characterized by being reversible, so it can be removed at any time without affecting a woman’s fertility .

There are several types of intrauterine contraceptive devices, but the two most common are:

  • Copper loop: It is a T-shaped device with copper elements in both arms and a copper wire wound on the vertical axis. Researchers consider the copper loop to be the safest method of contraception.
  • Hormone Loop: A device that releases small amounts of progestin, a synthetic hormone such as progesterone, usually T-shaped. Specifically, it releases levonorgestrel, but there are also devices that release other hormones. Experts say hormonal loops are a safe and effective way to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

Of course, there are other types, such as the inactive intrauterine device, but the most common contraceptives are the copper loop and the hormonal loop.

Copper loops and hormone loops come in a variety of models, sizes, and brands, and local or national laws determine which devices are available. Experts say the effect and duration vary depending on the type used.

Intended use of the intrauterine contraceptive device

Intended use of the intrauterine contraceptive device

Historically, the intrauterine device has been considered the best method of contraception. It achieves its contraceptive function through mechanical and hormonal mechanisms.

Used primarily for contraception, the intrauterine contraceptive device is a contraceptive method well suited to the needs and conveniences of millions of women worldwide. The failure rate of intrauterine contraceptive devices is less than 1%, and the long-term cumulative rate over 10 years is only 1-5%.

Intrauterine contraceptive devices have positive side effects that may benefit some patients. According to some scientific evidence , hormonal intrauterine contraceptives can solve endometriosis, pelvic pain, and menstrual irregularities to some extent . It can also reduce and prevent menstrual bleeding, helping to treat hypermenorrhea .

Besides that, intrauterine contraceptive devices are used as an alternative to birth control methods such as birth control pills, condoms, vaginal contraceptive rings, and contraceptive injections.

How the intrauterine contraceptive device works

How an intrauterine contraceptive device works can vary depending on the type.

The copper loop not only prevents sperm from reaching the egg by changing sperm motility, but also affects egg motility. When the device is inserted, the body senses foreign matter in the uterus , triggering a series of responses that directly affect sperm and eggs .

Among them , changes occur in cervical mucus and intrauterine fluid, especially as leukocytes, copper ions, and prostaglandins increase . If the sperm activity and pH are altered in this way, the sperm may die before reaching the egg. Also, due to changes in the endometrium, the egg does not implant after fertilization.

The copper loop can also be used as an emergency contraceptive method if the egg has not implanted in the uterine wall .

Meanwhile, the hormonal loop thickens cervical mucus . If the concentration of cervical mucus is thick, sperm cannot reach the egg, preventing fertilization and conception. It can also prevent an egg from separating from the ovary or implanting in the uterine wall.

Although there may be some differences in function, both devices prevent pregnancy. It is to prevent fertilization from occurring, or even if fertilized, to prevent implantation in the uterine wall .

Frequently Asked Questions About Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices

If you have any questions about how the IUD works and what to expect after insertion, check out the questions below.

Effectiveness of the intrauterine contraceptive device: how long does it last?

Depending on the type of intrauterine contraceptive device , it can be used for 3 to 10 years .

Do you feel any pain when inserting it?

You may feel some pain, tingling, or discomfort while inserting the device .

Experts recommend the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cervical softeners, and local anesthetics for pain relief.

Are there any risks of infection?

Intended use of the intrauterine contraceptive device

Although the risk of complications from an intrauterine contraceptive device is fairly low, it is a good idea to visit your gynecologist if symptoms occur.

As with implantation of the device into the body or stabbing treatment, infection can occur after insertion of the intrauterine contraceptive device. However , there is no need to worry too much, as experts can easily deal with it.

Can the other person feel it during intercourse?

Generally not. The loop fitted for device removal may be felt, but will soften a few days after insertion.

It usually doesn’t cause much discomfort, but if the other person is complaining about it, you can cut the loop a bit .

Risks of the intrauterine contraceptive device: Is there a risk of falling out?

It may fall out spontaneously if the device is moved due to incorrect positioning or uterine contractions during menstruation .

Can it be removed at any time?

The intrauterine contraceptive device can be removed at any time. It is a known fact that the device does not affect fertility at all , so you can get pregnant again just a few weeks after removal.

Is there anyone who should not use an intrauterine contraceptive device?

IUDs are not recommended for women with ovarian cancer, AIDS , pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, pelvic tuberculosis, or uterine or cervical malformations. If the risks outweigh the benefits, you should consult a professional .

It is important to remember that intrauterine contraceptives do not prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) . Although the intrauterine contraceptive device is a safe and effective method of birth control, other measures must be followed to prevent sexually transmitted infections .

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