how to detect breast cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women but usually has a good prognosis.

Can breast cancer be detected early? If so, are there other options besides mammography? We’re going to find out how to detect breast cancer right now, so read on until the end!

It is currently estimated that women over the age of 85 have an 11.1% chance of developing breast cancer. In fact , breast cancer is the most common cancer in women.

The first symptoms of breast cancer, how to detect breast cancer

Cells in the body divide in a regular and controlled manner, replacing old cells with younger, more functional ones.

However, changes in the normal process can cause cell division to become uncontrolled, resulting in tumors.

Metastasis can occur when a dividing cell mass invades another tissue and is able to continue to proliferate . That is, it is a malignant tumor or cancer .

Breast cancer, in particular , is a malignant tumor in mammary gland cells . When malignant cells develop in the glandular tissue of the breast, they can invade and proliferate surrounding healthy tissue, leading to metastasis.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) , breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. It is also the second most common cause of death among women worldwide.

However , breast cancer has a good prognosis . Therefore, early diagnosis plays a key role in treatment success.

There are several causes of breast cancer, including genetic and environmental factors . Although less common, mutations in genes that cause a higher predisposition to breast cancer may be the cause.

However, in 90% of cases, cancer occurs sporadically and is not related to mutations in specific genes .

From now on, let’s look at the first symptoms of breast cancer and aspects to consider in order to detect the disease in time.

risk factor

First, you need to know the following breast cancer-related risk factors.

  • Reproductive health aspects such as taking high doses of hormonal contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy, or late menopause may be associated with the development of breast cancer.
  • Other factors influencing the incidence include nutritional intake, physical activity , duration of lactation, smoking, and alcoholism.
  • On the other hand, if there is a family history of breast cancer or genetic mutations such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene changes, the possibility of breast cancer cannot be ignored.
  • The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age . Most breast cancers are diagnosed after the age of 50.

Symptoms that may occur

Early detection of breast cancer can be difficult if there are no symptoms at all in the early stages. In fact, breast cancer patients usually do not feel pain from the beginning.

how to detect breast cancer

Meanwhile, several aspects have been found to be indicative of breast cancer :

  • breast engorgement
  • breast discharge
  • breast or nipple pain
  • Changes in the shape of your breasts or nipples
  • Symptoms of breast sensitivity, redness, or flaking
  • Palpable lump in the armpit breast

It is not always due to cancer, but it is very important to pay attention to any lumps or abnormalities in the breast.

They are usually hard, irregular, not painful to the touch, or are likely related to cancer. Therefore, it is best to seek professional advice in these situations.

An early diagnostic test to detect breast cancer

Mammography is a high-efficiency test and is the most commonly used method for diagnosis. A mammogram can detect breast cancer years before symptoms such as a lump appear.

how to detect breast cancer

It is very important to have all the mammographic screening tests recommended by your healthcare provider when checking for cancer. In general, it is recommended to have a mammogram every year from the age of 40 to 50 . However, if you have a family history, you should get tested a little earlier.

Even through regular breast self-examination, you can feel the lump or check for other changes than before.

However, the usefulness of self-examination is somewhat controversial. Not all breast cancers can be detected this way, and mammograms should not be substituted for self-examination .

How about this article?

Leave a Comment